Investors sold shares in BMW and Daimler on Monday after President Donald Trump said the US may tax imports of European cars if the EU retaliates against his plan to impose tariffs on aluminium and steel.

The United States is a big buyer of coupes, sports cars and sedans made by the German premium carmakers, such as Daimler’s Mercedes S-Class and BMW’s 7 Series, and accounts for a big chunk of their global profits.

It is also a big manufacturing base for their bigger sport-utility vehicles including the Mercedes GLE and BMW X5, many of which are shipped to Asia and Europe.

This makes them especially vulnerable if Trump’s protectionist moves spark retaliation by the world’s other big trading blocs.

Daimler shares were already under pressure last week over fears that Trump’s planned steel tariffs would hit the profitability of its US truckmaking business — trucks use more steel than cars.

“With the steel and aluminium ban we weren’t expecting a really big effect” on the carmakers, said one autos analyst. “This is a bit more serious.”

Daimler stock fell a further 0.5 per cent on Monday, while BMW dropped 1.2 per cent while European shares were up 0.7 per cent on average.

“At the moment, we presume that (Trump’s car import tax threat) is merely sabre rattling,” Evercore analysts wrote in a note.

“However, were it to materialize into policy, under our coverage, the greatest financial impact would likely be at BMW, followed by VW and Daimler.”

The first analyst pointed out that, among German carmakers, BMW has the fewest favourable broker ratings so its shares were less likely than rivals to find buying support as their price falls.

Volkswagen’s premium Audi brand makes cars for the US market in Mexico, whose trade relationship with its rich northern neighbour is also increasingly uncertain.

But VW group’s US earnings contribution, hit hard by its Dieselgate emissions scandal, is minimal.

“We believe that Porsche has a strong chance of pricing through any incremental duties, at least partially, and the US is less material to Audi than its peers,” said Evercore analysts.

VW stock was up 0.4 per cent while shares in VW group’s sportscar affiliate Porsche Automobil Holding were unchanged.

German carmakers said on Monday that a trade war between the United States and Europe “must be avoided at all costs”, expressing their profound concern after US President Donald Trump threatened to tax car imports.